further education colleges

further education colleges
   Further education (FE) colleges are part of the postschool education sector, providing courses in general education and in technical and vocational education. They have a long tradition, developing from the nineteenth-century Mechanics Institute movement, night schools and technical colleges. Expansion occurred after 1945 when the mainly evening provision was extended to a range of daytime, fulltime and part-time courses. Many technical colleges were renamed FE colleges in the 1970s and 1980s to reflect a new breadth of academic, vocational and leisure provision. Some colleges styled themselves as community colleges to emphasize their concern with the particular social and economic needs of the neighbourhoods in which they were located. Under the provisions of the Further and Higher Education Act (1992) and the Further and Higher Education (Scotland) Act (1992), FE colleges in England, Wales and Scotland were removed from local education authorities and ‘incorporated’ as independent institutions, managed by boards representing local industry, the business community and staff. Similar arrangements for colleges in Northern Ireland were introduced in 1998. Three particular trends have resulted from these changes: first, commercial activity by colleges, in marketing their facilities and courses and competing aggressively for students; second, mergers between institutions; and, third, increased provision of Higher National Certificate and Diploma courses, previously available almost exclusively in the higher education sector.
   A feature of the FE expansion during the 1990s has been the recruitment of students in the over twenty-five age group (unemployed, seeking betterpaid or more satisfying work, or supported by employers). Access courses prepare mature students for entry to university-level education (see universities). FE colleges are also regarded by the UK government as crucial partners in the Training Targets scheme to improve the qualifications and skills of young people and workers by the year 2000. The qualifications offered by FE colleges include academic ‘A’ Levels (or Scottish ‘Highers’) and General National/ Scottish Vocational Qualifications (GNVQs /GSVQs), based on standards set by industry, with assessment in the workplace or in simulated workplace conditions. Current issues in the FE college sector include improving student guidance, counselling and childcare facilities, developing flexible study arrangements, opening up provision for older adults and those with special needs and making partnerships with universities so that college study can be credited towards a university degree.
   See also: adult education
   Further reading
    McGinty, J. and Fish, J. (1993) Further Education in the Market Place, London: Routledge (a review of developments post- 1992).

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of further education colleges in Scotland — List of further and higher education colleges in Scotland is a list of further education and higher education colleges in Scotland. Most colleges provide both levels of qualification. Further education colleges offer courses for people over the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of further education colleges in Hampshire — This list is part of a comprehensive list of schools in Hampshire, England. Hampshire County Council (HCC) organises the Local Education Authority (LEA) schools into nine administrative areas. This page lists all the further education colleges.… …   Wikipedia

  • List of further education colleges in England — NOTOC This is a list of Further education colleges in England: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z ReferencesA* Abingdon and Witney College * Accrington and Rossendale College * Alton College * Amersham Wycombe College * Aquinas… …   Wikipedia

  • Further education — (often abbreviated FE; called continuing education in U.S. English) is a term mainly used in connection with education in the United Kingdom and Ireland. It is post compulsory education (in addition to that received at secondary school), that is… …   Wikipedia

  • further education — N UNCOUNT Further education is the education of people who have left school but who are not at a university or a college of education. [mainly BRIT] She is now in further education with new career possibilities ahead of her... Most further… …   English dictionary

  • further education — noun Britain : adult education * * * Brit. See adult education. [1895 1900] * * * further education noun Post school education that is below degree level (cf ↑higher education under ↑high1) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Further Education Funding Council for England — The Further Education Funding Council for England (FEFC) was a non departmental public body of the Department for Education and Skills in the United Kingdom which distributed funding to Further Education and Sixth Form Colleges in England between …   Wikipedia

  • Further Education Funding Council for Wales — The Further Education Funding Council for Wales (FEFCW) was a non departmental public body of the Welsh Office and later an Assembly Sponsored Public Body which distributed funding to Further Education and Sixth Form Colleges in Wales between… …   Wikipedia

  • Newham College of Further Education — Type Further Education College Religion non denominational Principal CEO Denise Brown Sackey Chair of the Board Parin Bahl Specialism not applicable Locati …   Wikipedia

  • Coláiste Stiofáin Naofa College of Further Education — Colaiste Stiofain Naofa College of Further Education Principal Tim Kelleher Location Cork City, County Cork Website http://www.csn.ie Coláiste Stiofáin Naofa is an educational institution in Cork City, County Cork …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”